Македонски (Macedonian)English (United Kingdom)
Laser therapy

The laser is one of the latest methods which is applied in the modern medicine nowadays, but besides that it is broadly accepted in a lot of medical fields, and represents an irreplaceable device.

Its history starts in 1917 with Albert Einstein and his hypothesis of induced emission through Maiman who in 1960 took out a new patent of invention – the laser. The word ‘ laser ‘ is an acronym for ‘light amplification by stimulated emision of radiation ‘ which means intensifying the light with stimulated emission of radiation. The laser is irreplaceable in a lot of medical fields, such as: surgery, physical medicine, traumatology, dermatology, cosmetics…

The laser in the health institutes is called soft or hard which are actually synonyms for lasers with low or high force. The lasers with high force have found application in surgery, while the ones with low force are mainly used in physical medicine which is an interesting fact for us. The laser’s force, the output force of the laser beam, the wavelength, the radiation energy, the focus of the laser radiation, the total energy of the laser radiation as well as the working mode ( continuous or pulsing ) are parameters which assign the effects of the laser application and have to be precise before the laser is applied into practice.

 

The use of the laser in physical therapy:

The biological changes that come out from the laser therapy are a result not only from the laser effects but also the ‘ host’s ‘ response which consists of the changes in the metabolic activities which last for a month. The laser beam can produce an inhibitory effect and stimulation in the local cellular area, so that the weak stimulation can stimulate physiological activity, the mild stimulate, the strong retain and the really strong prevent. The bigger consistence has a destructive effect and the smaller bioexhilarating effect. With reflex – therapy stimulation of a specific biologically active spot on the skin, processes of synthesis of different biologically active substances which have analgesic, anti-inflammatory and anti-edematous regulatory function, are activated. With laser therapy we stimulate the growth of the connecting tissue cells, the ligament tissue, the bone tissue, it stimulates the regeneration of the nerve cells. The tissues activity is also stimulated: the content of the prostaglandins, increasing of certain enzymes of the body. Increasing of the production of cell products. Lowering the lymphocyte ability to react towards antibody’s stimuli. Increased regeneration of the lymphatic vessels and veins. It slows or lowers the appearance of fibrosis tissue ( in cases of burns or surgical wounds ). It stimulates the nerves function – it increases the action process amplitude.

The laser is one of the latest methods which is applied in the modern medicine nowadays, but besides that it is broadly accepted in a lot of medical fields, and represents an irreplaceable device.